A heavy morning fog disoriented the American assault columns and led to a friendly fire incident between elements of Major General John Sullivan's right colum… © 2021 Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association. Here is his entry on page 23. Discover the Home of George and Martha Washington. The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. Niderost, Eric. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. A variety of activities for the whole family will be available at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites. N the evening after the battle of Brandywine, General Howe sent a party to Wilmington, who seized in bed Mr. M'Kinlay, governor, of the state of Delaware, and took a shallop lying in the rivulet loaded with the rich effects of some of the inhabitants, together with the public records of the county, and other … HISTORICAL MAP | The Battle of Germantown, Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington.The British victory in this battle ensured that Philadelphia, the … Sullivan's troops were running low on ammunition and slowed their advance before coming under a volley of friendly fire from Greene's men, who had become disoriented in the fog. 372 Battle of Germantown. Here the Americans are … Want to preserve George WashingtonWilliam Howe legacy? The Battle of Germantown In early October, Washington conceived a bold plan of attack on Howe's 9,000 troop garrison stationed in Germantown. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. It was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania, between the British Army led by Sir William Howe, and the American Continental Army, with the 2nd Canadian Regiment, under George Washington. The next day, September 26 th, he and Lt. General Cornwallis entered Philadelphia leading a procession of two brigade … The Battle of Germantown was yet another British victory with staggering consequences for the Continental Army: 700 men were killed, and 400 were captured. The Battle of Germantown was fought on October 4, 1777 in the Philadelphia suburb of Germantown, Pennsylvania between General William Howe's British forces and General Georg Washington's American forces. On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. Sullivan’s column was the first to make contact, driving back the British pickets on Mount Airy. The vanguard of Sullivan's column, on Germantown Road, launched the battle when they opened fire on the British pickets of light infantry at Mount Airy just as the sun was rising at around 5:00 am. Discover what made Washington "first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen". Approximately 100 British soldiers took refuge in Cliveden, a large stone mansion, while the British withdrew. Luckily, the darkness at night and the army's weaponry helped them retreat from Germantown. The British pickets resisted American advance and fired their guns in alarm. Researched and written by Mike Dickey Member of Skippack Historical Society. He decided to attack and destroy the enemy detachment at Germantown using a double envelopment. 372 Battle of Germantown. The Washington Library is open to all researchers and scholars, by appointment only. The battle was a decisive victory for the British. Washington, on the advice of artillery commander Henry Knox, decided to attack the sturdy building rather than isolate it with a small force. Only the steadfastness of Greene’s and Wayne’s men and the American artillery prevented a disaster. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. On the evening of October 3rd, the Continental Army began a 16-mile march toward Germantown with a force of 11,000 men. The morale of … Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Slideshow compiled of three years of re-enactment footage. A late-comer to this list of folklore heroes was Hans Boyer, the supposed assailant of Gen. James Agnew at the battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777. Background; British positions Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown: General George Washington against Major … Such distractions allowed Howe time to organize a counterattack with fresh troops. This painting depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown, fought on October 4, 1777. The morale of the soldiers was boosted by the attack. Visit the Schedule of Events for more information. Thus began the Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, that early foggy morning just north of Philadelphia. The loss was devastating for the Americans and proved to be a decisive victory for the British because it came after … Reference Maps on the American Revolution 1775-1783. BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN. Online Resources: List of Battles of the Revolutionary War; Battles of the American Revolution; American Battlefield Trust – Germantown; West Point – Table of … The Battle of Germantown in October 1777 was Washington’s second defeat in a month and it caused many to question his leadership. As a result, the attack failed, and the American troops were forced to withdraw.. Luckily, Greene’s column arrived in time to engage the British before they could rout Wayne. After taking the American capital, British General Sir William Howe positioned two brigades under General James Grant and a contingent of Hessians troops commanded by General Wilhelm von Kynphausen in Germantown. However, the victory provided few strategic gains for the British and the valiant effort of the Continental Army proved that the rebels could take on the full brunt of the British Army and survive, bolstering their confidence to fight another day. How Well Do You Know the Revolutionary War? Agnew was not a major player in the battle, arriving on the scene towards the end of the day’s confused and intense fighting, but he was a British general nonetheless. Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. In an open space in … An annual reenactment of the Battle Of Germantown and the Cliveden estate. The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The Continental Army had suffered defeats trying to protect the city at the Battles of Brandywine and Paoli. As the attack was to occur before dawn, the soldiers were instructed to put a piece of white paper on their hat to identify friend from foe.The Americans were not detected b… On the evening of October 3rd, the Continental Army began a 16-mile march toward Germantown with a force of 11,000 men. Ward, Christopher. The Battle of Germantown is reenacted there on the first Saturday of each October (except this year because of the pandemic). The Revolutionary Germantown Festival 2017 will be Saturday October 7. Mount Vernon is owned and maintained in trust for the people of the United States by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union, a private, non-profit organization. The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. This painting depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown, fought on October 4, 1777. The Americans planned a four pronged attack. The Americans' most serious challenge was at Cliveden. HOME - HISTORY MAPS - Battle of GERMANTOWN 1777. On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. 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